Healthy oceans and marine ecosystem services underpin the ocean economy, and provide critical support functions upon which human health and well-being depend. Multiple benefits are derived from marine ecosystems at local, regional and global scales, ranging from coastal and habitat protection to climate mitigation and food provisioning.
The OECD is working to support governments scale-up action to conserve and sustainably use our ocean and marine resources, which are under severe pressure from human activities, notably over-exploitation of fish and other marine resources, habitat destruction, invasive alien species, pollution and climate change.
Governments have a key role to play in putting in place an effective and coherent policy mix to ensure the achievement of SDG 14, to conserve and sustainably use our ocean, seas, and marine resources, and the relevant 2011-2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Relevant policy instruments include regulatory, economic, and information and voluntary approaches. However, the pace of policy action is not keeping up with the pressures on the ocean.